Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán sits down with Tucker Carlson to discuss how western Europe is changing and how Hungary is not following the principles most of European countries. YouTube Tips ⓘ
Hungary’s government is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic with a population of 10 million, mostly ethnic Hungarians. Christianity is the prominent religion.
Hungary is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Also, Hungary is located between Poland to the north and Greece to the south.
Prime Minister Viktor Orbán held the office of Prime Minister from 1998 to 2002 and since 2010. He has presided over Fidesz, a national conservative political party, since 1993, except for a pause between 2000 and 2003. In 1989 a political speech he gave brought him wide national and political acclaim. On June 16, 1989, Orbán spoke in Heroes’ Square, Budapest during the occasion of the reburial of Imre Nagy and other national martyrs of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. Viktor Orbán’s speech demanded free elections and the withdrawal of Soviet troops. Fidesz transformed from a radical liberal student organization to a center-right people’s party with Viktor Orbán as first president of the organization.
In 1998, Orbán formed a successful coalition with the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) and the Independent Smallholders’ Party (FKGP) and won the 1998 parliamentary elections with 42% of the national vote. Orbán became the second youngest Prime Minister of Hungary at the age of 35 (after András Hegedüs), serving between 1998 and 2002.
A new version of government was formed that launched a radical reform of state administration, reorganized ministries, dismissed the boards of the social security funds and centralized social security payments, and creating a superministry for the economy. Hungary has a high-income economy and ranks “very high” in the Human Development Index. Hungary offers universal health care and tuition-free secondary education. Following the German model, Orbán strengthened the Prime Minister’s office and named a new minister to oversee the work of his Cabinet. Budapest was ranked among the Top 100 GDP performing cities in the world, measured by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago ranked top four; Budapest ranked 100.
During the 2010 parliamentary elections, Orbán’s party won 52.73% of the popular vote, with a two-thirds majority of seats, which gave Orbán enough authority to change the Constitution. Orbán’s government drafted and passed a new constitution in 2011, including changes that support traditional values, nationalism, references to Christianity, and a controversial electoral reform, which lowered the number of seats in the Parliament of Hungary from 386 to 199. The new constitution was effective January 1, 2012.
In 2015, Hungarian-American business magnate and political activist George Soros criticized Orbán’s handling of the European migrant crisis (Breitbart) saying, “(Orbán’s) plan treats the protection of national borders as the objective and the refugees as an obstacle.
Recently, Prime Minister Orbán has been accused of leading initiatives and laws that hinder human rights of LGBT+ people that are considered “not compatible with Christian values”.
In 2020 in Hungary, legal recognition of transgender people was terminated (The Guardian) with critical response internationally and locally.
In 2021 Fidesz proposed legislation to censor (Independent) any “LGBT+ positive content” in movies, books or public advertisements and to severely restrict sex education in school forbidding any information thought to “encourage gender change or homosexuality”.
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