Tips for Starting a Grocery Co-Op from Planning to Organizing to Opening

A food co-op, or cooperative, is a business model in which consumers decide on the production, distribution, and social responsibility of the food sold.

While food cooperatives are not new, they are becoming increasingly popular due to the rise of local and organic eating habits. They provide a natural, local shopping experience far from corporate department stores in many towns and cities. In a co-op, members decide which foods to purchase and distribute. Food cooperatives provide an integrated, comprehensive grocery network for the food conscious. With that in mind, these tips for starting a grocery co-op will benefit anyone looking to build a co-op for their town. This way, residents can stray from the corporate grocery model and feel more connected with their food sources.

Plan Ahead

First, to start a successful cooperative, you must familiarize yourself with the background information. This includes important business aspects such as costs, understanding local and regional food sources, regulations, and the community you plan to serve. Another part of building a co-op is understanding the main principles. Cooperatives should be voluntary and open to members, have democratic member control, offer member economic participation, autonomy and independence, education and information, cooperation within the community, and meet community needs.


Given those objectives, organizers must meet to justify the creation of a food cooperative in their community. This is the time to clear up any misconceptions and concerns about the co-op and how it can service the community. Gather input from residents and experts to decide which foods to sell.


Once the initial organization meeting takes place, it’s time to research feasibility. This research stems from the financial success of the co-op in the community as well as members’ needs. You should research potential members, similar organizations near you, and funding sources. Additionally, you should develop a feasibility analysis to project market capacity, internal capacity, and any design and project specifics.

Recruit Members and Create a Business Plan

From here you can recruit members. Membership structures into each member’s participation and financial commitment. Once you account for members, you can develop appropriate goals and deadlines. Additionally, you can track the number of members, equity, and loans with visual aids and progress reports. This should feed into your overall business plan. Your business plan must be specific and detailed to account for all operations, employees, management structure, products, capital, and revenue and cost projections.

Open the Co-Op

Once you finish everything above, you can open your co-op. Now is also the time to finalize any pending concerns, such as store set-up, accounts with vendors, space and equipment. With refrigerated truck transport, you aren’t limited to local vendors either. You can expand with local and regional vendors with a wider variety of items.



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