Here’s a guide to smart technology that is revolutionizing some urban environments, the important highlights regarding smart cities.
Smart technology has revolutionized many commonly used electronic devices, from televisions to phones. Now, such innovative technology is implemented on a more widespread scale in the form of smart cities. If you’re interested in learning more about these emerging urban areas, here’s a guide to everything you need to know about smart cities.
What are smart cities?
Smart cities are urban areas that incorporate various types of communication technologies—such as IoT technology—to form an interwoven network of sensors that gathers data pertaining to the city’s surroundings. Such data is collected from the city’s vehicles, residents, and infrastructure. In doing so, smart technology provides a wider view of the city’s operations and provides information necessary to make improvements that optimize efficiency, safety, sustainability, and quality of life in the city.
Benefits of smart cities
Building smart cities has a wide range of benefits; these benefits help not only the citizens, but also the environment. One of the main benefits of smart cities is their ability to create a more sustainable urban environment. By constantly collecting real-time data, one can conserve energy expenditure in smart cities. For example, smart grid technology can help provide energy to areas in the city that require more energy, while conserving power in areas where it isn’t needed.
In addition to improving the sustainability of urban environments, smart technology is also expected to greatly improve transportation efficiency in smart cities by using data gathered in sensors on the roads to spot jams and tweak traffic patterns accordingly in real-time. Among some of the other many benefits of smart cities include increased economic development, improved efficiency, increased safety, and an overall improvement in the residents’ quality of life.
Sensors and machine-to-machine interactions are also being enhanced by artificial intelligence (AI) and have practical applications in building and planning, crime fighting, public safety and security, public utility services (water, electricity, gas), snow and weather responses, energy efficiency, parking, transit, automated ridesharing vehicle, automated owner-operated vehicles, traffic management, marketing and shopping, and waste management.
Challenges that smart cities face
To receive the many benefits that smart cities offer, they must first overcome several challenges. One of the largest challenges that smart cities face is finding a way to transfer, store, and protect the immense amount of data that they accrue. Because the information collected in smart cities may be sensitive, security must improve before smart cities can truly flourish. To do so, an extremely advanced network infrastructure is required. Additionally, there are also clear financial challenges of implementing smart cities, as building and installing the necessary sensors and networks is extremely costly.
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