Engine Turbine Disc Failure: NTSB Releases Cause of American Airline Flight 383 Jet Engine Fire at O’Hare; Outlines Crew and Passenger Response and Evacuation Failures


The NTSB released a probable cause of disc failure for the engine fire that forced an American Airlines jet to abort takeoff at O’Hare in 2016, but the more important lessons learned involved crew and passenger communications and evacuation.


NTSB: A very rare failure of a turbine disc cause the engine fire.


NTSB: A failure of communications was noted between the cockpit crew and the flight attendants’ crew. The communications failure cause flight attendants to use an exit on the left side of the aircraft that shouldn’t have been used. The fire was on the right engine and wing, but the left engine was still running. When passengers exited behind that engine, one passenger was blown down and seriously injured.

NTSB: A new phone intercom system providing communications between the flight crew and flight attendants was more complicated to use compared to an older intercom system. Extra features and characters on opposite sides of the phone in the new system were considered extra difficult to use in smokey, emergency conditions.

NTSB: Passengers disregarded instructions to leave behind personal possessions, and one flight attendant even struggled with the bag a passenger was trying to take until the flight attendant realized the struggle was causing a greater delay and obstruction.

This video was utilized by the NTSB in their investigation of this incident and is part of the public accident docket. The investigation page for the incident is available here: https://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/Pages/DCA17FA021.aspx

American airline flight 383 ORD to MIA taking off on runway 28R had #2 engine failure during takeoff, forced to abort takeoff catching on fire.

American Airlines Flight 383 uncontained engine failure and fire and smoke – CCTV Footage.

American airline flight 383 ORD to MIA taking off on runway 28R had #2 engine failure during takeoff, forced to abort takeoff catching on fire. About 10 Chicago Fire Department ARFF vehicles are on the scene within about 2 minutes.

Crash Truck Dash Cam: AA 383 Fire at O’Hare (Fire Trucks Nearly Collide after elapsed time 3:25)

Crash Truck Dash Cam #2: AA 383 Engine Fire at O’Hare.

A fire forced all 161 passengers and nine crew members to evacuate as emergency responders battled the fuel-fed flames. CBS 2’s Jim Williams reports.

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