National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day: 75 Years Since the Attack on Pearl Harbor


The attack on Pearl Harbor, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941 at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time.

Pearl Harbor was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese fighter planes, bombers, and torpedo planes in two attack waves. The Japanese aircraft were launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, and four sunk.

During the next seven hours the Japanese made four attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines, Guam and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

Japan intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions that the Empire of Japan planned in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.

The attack led to the United States’ entry into World War II.

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, also known as Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day or Pearl Harbor Day, is observed annually in the United States on December 7 to remember and honor the 2,403 citizens of the United States who were killed in the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941.

On August 23, 1994, the United States Congress designated December 7 of each year as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. On Pearl Harbor Day, the American flag is flown at half-staff until sunset to honor those who died as a result of the attack on U.S. Military and naval forces in Hawaii.

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