Third Chicagoland Fatal TV Fall Causes Trauma, Death to Child, 4-Yr-Old Gianna Hadjis in University Park

An unstable top-heavy/front heavy, older model television set has apparently caused the third death of a child in a three-month period in Chicagoland on Sunday. Gianna Hadjis, 4, of 668 Sullivan Lane in University Park, was fatally injured when she was struck in the head by a falling TV. Gianna Hadjis was pronounced dead at 2:54 p.m. at Level I Trauma Center Advocate Christ Medical Center in Oak Lawn.

On October 30, 2011 about 8:45 p.m., Karl Clermont, 6, was found underneath a TV in his basement in the 1700 block of Portsmith Lane in Arlington Heights with severe head injuries and died shortly after he was rushed to the hospital.

On November 8, 2011, Shaniya Singleton, 3, was struck and killed by a falling television in the 7800 block of South Union Avenue in Chicago.

Older model televisions with the weight of a heavy glass tube at the front-facing part of the set, and inherent instability, are the likely cause of the falling television. Older televisions my have broken straps, which are supposed to secure the televisions from the back of the televisions. Another source of the fatal accidents may be the changing ownerships of second-hand televisions without owner’s manuals with warnings to secure the televisions.

Older model tube television set that is likely similar to the type of TV that fell on three children in Chicago — causing fatal injuries. Television sets with 32″ diagonal tube screens and larger weigh over 350 pounds.

A Sony large tube television with a specially designed television stand with broken black strap buckle on the TV stand side — nylon webbing strap secured to the stand with a C-clamp.

The television sets are very easily tipped forward by a slight pull on the product. Specially designed stands were sold with built-in nylon webbing straps and plastic buckles that connect the television set at the rear of the television set to the rear portion of the television stand to prevent forward tipping. The stand photographed above, also featured notches at the front of the television stand to prevent the TV from sliding forward on the stand. However the notches might facilitate “tripping” the top of the TV forward by “catching” the bottom of the TV. Much of the strapping was black and discrete with a warning sticker on the top of the television stand. A used television sold or placed in service without the stand, would not offer the necessary warning to secure the television set from the back to prevent tipping. In some cases the strapping broke free from the television stand during moving or other use.

A recent report released from the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) shows that from 2006 to 2010 children experience the most injuries from tipover incidents with televisions (estimated 13,700) and furniture (estimated 11,500 injuries). Adults and seniors experience the most injuries with furniture (estimated 9,300 and 1,800 injuries, respectively). Children had the highest rates annually for televisions, with 18 emergency department-treated injuries per 100,000 children, followed by furniture, with 15 emergency department-treated injuries per 100,000 children.

CPSC staff has received 293 reports of fatalities that occurred between 2000 and 2010, and that are related to appliance, furniture, or television instability. Of these 293 reported fatalities, 60 percent (176 deaths) involved televisions falling, with 71 of the 176 fatalities associated with televisions along with the furniture in/on which the television was resting falling as well.

The fatalities were separated into three distinct age categories: (1) children (younger than 18 years of age); (2) adults (18 years of age or older, but less than 60 years); and (3) seniors (60 years of age or older). Eighty-four percent (245 deaths) of these fatalities were children. This is followed by seniors with 12 percent (35 deaths); and the remaining victims were adults (4 percent; 13 deaths). Of the 245 child fatalities, 69 percent (169 deaths) involved falling televisions, and 27 percent (65 deaths) involved only furniture falling. Sixty-five percent (160 deaths) of the children were at least 1 year of age and less than 3 1⁄2 years of age.

Residential locations account for 74 percent (218 deaths) of the fatalities. Five percent occurred in public locations (15 deaths); and 20 percent (60 deaths) did not provide enough information to determine the location. Fatalities of children had a similar distribution by location (78 percent residential, 4 percent public, and 18 percent unknown).

Bedrooms had the largest number of product instability fatalities, with 40 percent (117 deaths), followed by the living/family room, with 18 percent (53 deaths). There is also a large portion of unknown locations (32 percent; 93 deaths) for this room-of-incident variable. Of the fatalities involving children (245 deaths), 46 percent occurred in bedrooms, and 21 percent happened in living/family rooms.

The head was the area of the body injured most frequently (55 percent head only; 4 percent head and torso; 1 percent head and limb(s)) in these reported fatalities; and this is followed by the torso (27 percent) only. Children had the most head injuries, compared to adults and seniors, who had more torso injuries.

Hazard Scenarios/Mechanism of Injury
In 34 percent (84 deaths) of the child fatalities, the victim or someone else was climbing on the furniture and/or television. This is followed by scenarios in which force was being applied to the furniture and/or television, such as hitting, pulling, or kicking (15 percent; 36 deaths). In 9 percent (21 deaths), the victim was involved in some activity near the product, such as playing nearby or adjusting the controls on a TV or electronic device connected to the TV.
SOURCE: CSPC Instability of Televisions, Furniture, and Appliance: Estimated Injuries and Reported Fatalities, 2011 Report [PDF]

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