Becomes unresponsive

Call 9-1-1 and clearly and calmly describe what happened and your precise location while you make sure the scene is safe. Analyze any possible hazards, such as electricity or other danger. Do not enter the scene if you determine the risk is too great for your safety. If the scene is safe, proceed.

BEGIN the CPR process …

1. Check Responsiveness

Tap the person’s shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?”

Look for normal breathing. Call 911 if there is no response.

Start Hands-Only CPR.
CPR with rescue breathing is best for cardiac arrest due to drug overdose, near-drowning, or an unwitnessed cardiac arrest. However, Hands-Only CPR is better than no CPR at all.

Be a life saver. This New Hanover Regional EMS video reaches you what if you come across someone experience cardiac arrest. Performing Hands-Only CPR can mean the difference between life and death.

2. Begin Chest Compressions

Place the heel of your hand on the center of the person’s chest.
Place the heel of your other hand on top of your first hand, lacing fingers together.

Keep arms straight and your shoulders directly over your hands.
Push hard and fast, compressing chest at least 2 inches.
Let chest rise completely before pushing down again.
Compress at least 100 times per minute.

3. Stop CPR Only if:

The person starts breathing normally.
A trained responder, paramedic or other emergency help takes over.
You are too exhausted to continue.
There is an automated external defibrillator (AED) to use.

4. Use an AED as Soon as One Is Available

Turn on the AED and follow the step-by-step instructions.

Wipe chest dry.

Attach the pads.

Plug in connector, if needed.

Make sure no one is touching the person just prior to heart rhythm analysis and automatic administration of the shock. Say “Clear” so that people know to stay back and not touch the person.

Push the “Analyze” button if necessary.

If a shock is advised, push the “Shock” button.

Resume compressions and follow AED prompts.